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赶紧收藏!《海南自由贸易港建设总体方案》中英双语对照版来啦!

时间:2020-06-30 14:25 阅读:383

《海南自由贸易港建设总体方案》

Master Plan for the Construction of Hainan Free Trade Port



海南是我国最大的经济特区,具有实施全面深化改革和试验最高水平开放政策的独特优势。支持海南逐步探索、稳步推进中国特色自由贸易港建设,分步骤、分阶段建立自由贸易港政策和制度体系,是习近平总书记亲自谋划、亲自部署、亲自推动的改革开放重大举措,是党中央着眼国内国际两个大局,深入研究、统筹考虑、科学谋划作出的战略决策。当今世界正在经历新一轮大发展大变革大调整,保护主义、单边主义抬头,经济全球化遭遇更大的逆风和回头浪。在海南建设自由贸易港,是推进高水平开放,建立开放型经济新体制的根本要求;是深化市场化改革,打造法治化、国际化、便利化营商环境的迫切需要;是贯彻新发展理念,推动高质量发展,建设现代化经济体系的战略选择;是支持经济全球化,构建人类命运共同体的实际行动。为深入贯彻习近平总书记在庆祝海南建省办经济特区30周年大会上的重要讲话精神,落实《中共中央、国务院关于支持海南全面深化改革开放的指导意见》要求,加快建设高水平的中国特色自由贸易港,制定本方案。
As the largest special economic zone in China, Hainan has unique advantages of comprehensively deepening reform and testing the highest level of opening-up policies. It is a major reform and opening up initiative which is put forward by General Secretary Xi Jinping who has planned, deployed and promoted it by himself; in addition, it is a strategic decision made by the CPC Central Committee in the light of the overall situation of China and the international community through in-depth study, overall consideration and scientific planning--to support Hainan in gradually exploring and steadily promoting the construction of the Free Trade Port with Chinese characteristics, and establishing the Free Trade Port policy and institutional system step by step and stage by stage. Today's world is undergoing a new round of major development, major transformation and major adjustment; the protectionism & unilateralism are on the rise; and the economic globalization is faced with greater headwinds and undertows. Building the Free Trade Port in Hainan is the fundamental requirement of promoting high-level opening up and establishing a new opening-up economic system; it is the urgent need of deepening market-oriented reform and creating a legal-based, international and convenient business environment; it is the strategic choice of implementing the new development concept, promoting high-quality development and building a modern economic system; it is the practical action of supporting the economic globalization and building a community of shared future for mankind. This plan is formulated in order to thoroughly implement the spirit of the important speech delivered by General Secretary Xi Jinping during the celebration of the 30th anniversary of the Hainan Province and Hainan Special Economic Zone, implement the Guiding Opinions of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on Supporting Hainan's Comprehensive Deepening of Reform and Opening up, and speed up the construction of a high-level free trade port with Chinese characteristics.


一、总体要求

I. General Requirements


(一)指导思想

(I)Guiding ideology

以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,全面贯彻党的十九大和十九届二中、三中、四中全会精神,坚持党的全面领导,坚持稳中求进工作总基调,坚持新发展理念,坚持高质量发展,统筹推进“五位一体”总体布局,协调推进“四个全面”战略布局,对标国际高水平经贸规则,解放思想、大胆创新,聚焦贸易投资自由化便利化,建立与高水平自由贸易港相适应的政策制度体系,建设具有国际竞争力和影响力的海关监管特殊区域,将海南自由贸易港打造成为引领我国新时代对外开放的鲜明旗帜和重要开放门户。

We must follow the guidance of General Secretary Xi Jinping's Socialism Ideology with Chinese Characteristics in the New Era. We must fully implement the spirit of the 19th Session of the National Congress of CPC, as well as the 2nd,3rd and 4th plenary sessions of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC. We must uphold the Party's overall leadership, adhere to the fundamental keynote of China's steady progress, adhere to the new development concept, stick with high quality development, and comprehensively promote the "five-in-one" overall layout, and coordinately promote the Four-Prolonged Strategic Layout; We must aim at the high-level international economic and trade rules, emancipate our mind, innovate bravely, focus on the liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment, establish a policy system which is suitable for the high-level Free Trade Port, build a Special Customs Supervision Zone with international competitiveness and influence, and build Hainan Free Trade Port into a flagship and an important opening-up door leading China's opening up in the new era.


(二)基本原则

(II)General principles

——借鉴国际经验。坚持高起点谋划、高标准建设,主动适应国际经贸规则重构新趋势,充分学习借鉴国际自由贸易港的先进经营方式、管理方法和制度安排,形成具有国际竞争力的开放政策和制度,加快建立开放型经济新体制,增强区域辐射带动作用,打造我国深度融入全球经济体系的前沿地带。

★Learn from International Experience. We must adhere to the high-starting point planning and high-standard construction, actively adapt to the new trend in the restructuring of international economic and trade rules, learn from advanced operation modes, management expertise and institutional arrangement of global free trade ports, form an opening-up policy & institutional system with international competitiveness, accelerate the establishment of a new opening-up economic system, enhance the region's radiating and driving effects, and create the frontier region in China that deeply integrates into the global economic system.


——体现中国特色。坚持党的集中统一领导,坚持中国特色社会主义道路,坚持以人民为中心,践行社会主义核心价值观,确保海南自由贸易港建设正确方向。充分发挥全国上下一盘棋和集中力量办大事的制度优势,调动各方面积极性和创造性,集聚全球优质生产要素,着力在推动制度创新、培育增长动能、构建全面开放新格局等方面取得新突破,为实现国家战略目标提供坚实支撑。加强与东南亚国家交流合作,促进与粤港澳大湾区联动发展。

★Reflect Chinese Characteristics. We must adhere to the Party's centralized and unified leadership, adhere to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, adhere to the people-centered principle, and practice the core values of socialism, so as to ensure the correct direction during the construction of Hainan Free Trade Port. We should give full play to the institutional advantages of the collaboration & cooperation nationwide and concentrating our resources on major issues; mobilize the enthusiasm and creativity of all parties; gather global high-quality production factors; make new breakthroughs in promoting institutional innovation, cultivating new growth drivers, and building a new pattern of comprehensive opening up; so as to provide solid support for the realization of national strategic goals. We should strengthen exchanges & cooperation with Southeast Asian countries, and promote the interactive development along with the Greater Bay Area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao.


——符合海南定位。紧紧围绕国家赋予海南建设全面深化改革开放试验区、国家生态文明试验区、国际旅游消费中心和国家重大战略服务保障区的战略定位,充分发挥海南自然资源丰富、地理区位独特以及背靠超大规模国内市场和腹地经济等优势,抢抓全球新一轮科技革命和产业变革重要机遇,聚焦发展旅游业、现代服务业和高新技术产业,加快培育具有海南特色的合作竞争新优势。

★Fit the Positioning of Hainan. We should focus on the strategic positioning that Hainan is endowed by China to build the comprehensively deepened reform & opening up pilot area, the national-level pilot zone for eco-civilization, the international tourism & consumption center and the service guarantee zone for national major strategic projects; give full play to its advantages, such as rich natural resources, unique geographic location, and being backed by a super-large-scale domestic market and hinterland economy, seize the new-round important opportunity of the global scientific & technological revolution and industrial transformation, focus on the development of tourism, modern service industry and high-tech industry, and accelerate the cultivation of new cooperative & competitive advantages with Hainan characteristics.


——突出改革创新。强化改革创新意识,赋予海南更大改革自主权,支持海南全方位大力度推进改革创新,积极探索建立适应自由贸易港建设的更加灵活高效的法律法规、监管模式和管理体制,下大力气破除阻碍生产要素流动的体制机制障碍。深入推进商品和要素流动型开放,加快推动规则等制度型开放,以高水平开放带动改革全面深化。加强改革系统集成,注重协调推进,使各方面创新举措相互配合、相得益彰,提高改革创新的整体效益。

★Highlight Reform and Innovation. We should strengthen the awareness of reform and innovation, endow Hainan with greater autonomy for reform, support Hainan to push forward reform and innovation in an all-round and vigorous way, actively explore the establishment of more flexible and efficient laws & regulations, regulatory models and management systems to adapt to the construction of the Free Trade Port; make great efforts to remove the institutional & mechanism barriers that hinder the flow of production factors. We should deepen the opening up of commodity & factor flows, accelerate the institutional opening up of rules & other institutions, and drive the reform in an all-round way with a high level of opening-up. We should strengthen the system integration of the reform, focus on the coordinated promotion, and make the various innovation initiatives cooperate with each other and complement each other, thus improving the overall efficiency of reform and innovation.


——坚持底线思维。坚持稳扎稳打、步步为营,统筹安排好开放节奏和进度,成熟一项推出一项,不急于求成、急功近利。深入推进简政放权、放管结合、优化服务,全面推行准入便利、依法过程监管的制度体系,建立与国际接轨的监管标准和规范制度。加强重大风险识别和系统性风险防范,建立健全风险防控配套措施。完善重大疫情防控体制机制,健全公共卫生应急管理体系。开展常态化评估工作,及时纠偏纠错,确保海南自由贸易港建设方向正确、健康发展。

★Stick to the Bottom-Line Thinking. We should persist on working steadily, push the work ahead step by step, make overall & comprehensive arrangements for the pace and progress of opening-up, and launch an item only when preparation is well-completed, never rush for progress or quick success. We should deepen the efforts to streamline administration and delegate power, integrate decentralization with management, and upgrade services, comprehensively implement the institutional system of convenient access and law-based process supervision, and establish regulatory standards and norms that are in line with international standards. We should strengthen major risk identification and systematic risk prevention, establish and improve risk prevention & control supporting measures, improve the system & mechanism for prevention and control of major epidemics, and improve the public health emergency management system, carry out the work of normalized assessment, and rectify the deviation and the error in time, thus ensuring the correct and healthy development of the construction of Hainan Free Trade Port.


(三)发展目标

(III)Developmental goals

到2025年,初步建立以贸易自由便利和投资自由便利为重点的自由贸易港政策制度体系。营商环境总体达到国内一流水平,市场主体大幅增长,产业竞争力显著提升,风险防控有力有效,适应自由贸易港建设的法律法规逐步完善,经济发展质量和效益明显改善。

By 2025, we will initially establish the free trade port policy & institutional system, which focuses on trade and investment liberalization and facilitation. Build an overall business environment that reaches top level in China, with substantial increase in market entities, significant improvement in industrial competitiveness, effective risk prevention and control, gradually improved legal system that adapt to the construction of the Free Trade Port, and significantly improved quality and efficiency of economic development.


到2035年,自由贸易港制度体系和运作模式更加成熟,以自由、公平、法治、高水平过程监管为特征的贸易投资规则基本构建,实现贸易自由便利、投资自由便利、跨境资金流动自由便利、人员进出自由便利、运输来往自由便利和数据安全有序流动。营商环境更加优化,法律法规体系更加健全,风险防控体系更加严密,现代社会治理格局基本形成,成为我国开放型经济新高地。

By 2035, the institutional system and operation mode of the Free Trade Port will be more mature. The trade & investment rules that are characterized by freedom, fairness, law-based order and high-level process supervision will be basically constructed, thus realizing freedom & convenience of trade, investment, cross-border capital flow, personnel entry & exit, and transportation, as well as data security and orderly flow. The business environment will be more optimized, the legal system will be more sound, the risk prevention and control system will be more rigorous, and the modern social governance pattern will be basically formed, thus forming a new highland of China's opening-up economy.


到本世纪中叶,全面建成具有较强国际影响力的高水平自由贸易港。

By the middle of this century, the high-level Free Trade Port with strong international influence will be fulfilled in an all-round way.


(四)实施范围

(IV)Implementation scope

海南自由贸易港的实施范围为海南岛全岛。

The implementation scope of Hainan Free Trade Port is the whole region of Hainan Island.


二、制度设计

II. Design of Institutional System


以贸易投资自由化便利化为重点,以各类生产要素跨境自由有序安全便捷流动和现代产业体系为支撑,以特殊的税收制度安排、高效的社会治理体系和完备的法治体系为保障,在明确分工和机制措施、守住不发生系统性风险底线的前提下,构建海南自由贸易港政策制度体系。

The policy & institutional system of Hainan Free Trade Port should be constructed through focusing on the liberalization and facilitation of trade & investment; being supported by the free, orderly, safe and convenient cross-border flow of various production factors as well as modern industrial system; being guaranteed by special tax system arrangement, efficient social governance system and sound legal system; and establishing on the premise of clear work division and mechanism measures, and keeping the bottom line of avoiding systemic risk.


(一)贸易自由便利。在实现有效监管的前提下,建设全岛封关运作的海关监管特殊区域。对货物贸易,实行以“零关税”为基本特征的自由化便利化制度安排。对服务贸易,实行以“既准入又准营”为基本特征的自由化便利化政策举措。

(I) Free and convenient trade. Under the premise of effective supervision, a Special Customs Supervision Zone shall be constructed for closed operation on the whole island. The institutional system of liberalization and facilitation with "zero tariff" as basic feature shall be applied to trade in goods. Liberalization and facilitation policy & measures with the basic characteristic of "permitting both entry and operation" shall be applied to trade in service.


1.“一线”放开。在海南自由贸易港与中华人民共和国关境外其他国家和地区之间设立“一线”。“一线”进(出)境环节强化安全准入(出)监管,加强口岸公共卫生安全、国门生物安全、食品安全、产品质量安全管控。在确保履行我国缔结或参加的国际条约所规定义务的前提下,制定海南自由贸易港禁止、限制进出口的货物、物品清单,清单外货物、物品自由进出,海关依法进行监管。制定海南自由贸易港进口征税商品目录,目录外货物进入自由贸易港免征进口关税。以联运提单付运的转运货物不征税、不检验。从海南自由贸易港离境的货物、物品按出口管理。实行便捷高效的海关监管,建设高标准国际贸易“单一窗口”。

1.Open up the "front line". We shall set up the "front line" between Hainan Free Trade Port and other countries and regions outside the customs territory of the People's Republic of China. At the "front-line" border-entry/exit link, we shall strengthen entry/exit safety supervision, and enhance public health & safety at port, bio-safety, food safety, and product quality & safety control at national border. Under the premise of ensuring the fulfillment of obligations stipulated in the international treaties to which China is a party or a member, the list of goods and items that are prohibited or restricted from import and export shall be formulated in Hainan Free Trade Port. The goods and items out of the list shall be freely imported and exported and supervised by the customs authority according to law. We shall formulate a catalogue of goods that are subject to import duties at Hainan Free Trade Port, and goods out of the catalogue will be exempted from import duties when entering the Free Trade Port. The trans-shipped goods delivered by the Through B/L(TBL) shall be exempt from taxes or inspection. The goods and items departing the border from Hainan Free Trade Port shall be subject to export control regulations. We shall implement convenient and efficient customs supervision, and build the "single window" for high-level international trade.


2.“二线”管住。在海南自由贸易港与中华人民共和国关境内的其他地区(以下简称内地)之间设立“二线”。货物从海南自由贸易港进入内地,原则上按进口规定办理相关手续,照章征收关税和进口环节税。对鼓励类产业企业生产的不含进口料件或者含进口料件在海南自由贸易港加工增值超过30%(含)的货物,经“二线”进入内地免征进口关税,照章征收进口环节增值税、消费税。行邮物品由海南自由贸易港进入内地,按规定进行监管,照章征税。对海南自由贸易港前往内地的运输工具,简化进口管理。货物、物品及运输工具由内地进入海南自由贸易港,按国内流通规定管理。内地货物经海南自由贸易港中转再运往内地无需办理报关手续,应在自由贸易港内海关监管作业场所(场地)装卸,与其他海关监管货物分开存放,并设立明显标识。场所经营企业应根据海关监管需要,向海关传输货物进出场所等信息。

2. Regulate the "second line" well. A "second line" shall be established between Hainan Free Trade Port and other areas within the customs territory of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as “the mainland”). When goods enter the mainland from Hainan Free Trade Port, relevant formalities shall be handled according to the import regulations in principle, and customs duties and import-related taxes shall be levied according to the regulations. For goods that are produced by the encouraged industrial enterprises and do not contain imported materials or with an added value to the imported materials that are processed in Hainan Free Trade Port of more than 30% (including), the import tariff should be exempt when they enter the mainland through the "second line", and the import value-added tax and consumption tax shall be levied in accordance with the regulations. Posted articles shall be supervised and taxed according to regulations when they enter the mainland from Hainan Free Trade Port. We shall simplify the import management of the transportation means from Hainan Free Trade Port to the mainland. Goods, articles and transportation means shall be managed in accordance with domestic circulation regulations when entering Hainan Free Trade Port from the mainland. The mainland's goods do not need to go through customs declaration formalities on condition that they are transferred to the mainland via Hainan Free Trade Port. Yet they should be loaded and unloaded at the customs-supervised workplace (site) in the Free Trade Port, and should be stored separately from other customs-supervised goods, with obvious marks. The site operating enterprise shall obey the supervision requirements of the customs, and transmit the information of goods in and out of the site to the customs.


3.岛内自由。海关对海南自由贸易港内企业及机构实施低干预、高效能的精准监管,实现自由贸易港内企业自由生产经营。由境外启运,经海南自由贸易港换装、分拣集拼,再运往其他国家或地区的中转货物,简化办理海关手续。货物在海南自由贸易港内不设存储期限,可自由选择存放地点。实施“零关税”的货物,海关免于实施常规监管。

3. Freedom in the island. The customs implements low-intervention, efficient and precise supervision on the enterprises and institutions in Hainan Free Trade Port, so as to realize free production and operation of the enterprises that are located in the Free Trade Port. The customs formalities shall be simplified for those transit goods that are shipped from abroad, reloaded, sorted and assembled at Hainan Free Trade Port, and then transported to other countries or regions. There is no storage period for the goods in Hainan Free Trade Port, and the storage place can be chosen freely. The goods that are subject to "zero-tariff" policy is exempt from routine supervision by the customs.


4.推进服务贸易自由便利。实施跨境服务贸易负面清单制度,破除跨境交付、境外消费、自然人移动等服务贸易模式下存在的各种壁垒,给予境外服务提供者国民待遇。实施与跨境服务贸易配套的资金支付与转移制度。在告知、资格要求、技术标准、透明度、监管一致性等方面,进一步规范影响服务贸易自由便利的国内规制。

4. Promote free and convenient trade in service. We should implement the system of negative list of cross-border service trade, break down all kinds of barriers under such service trade modes as cross-border delivery, overseas consumption and natural person movement, and give national treatment to overseas service providers. We should carry out the fund payment and transfer system that is matching with cross-border service trade. We should standardize domestic regulations that are affecting free and convenient service trade further in terms of notification, qualification requirements, technical standards, transparency, regulatory consistency, etc.


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